Friday, 17 March 2017

American light cruiser USS Galveston (CL93 1944-1956, CLG-93 1956-1957, CLG-3 1957-1975) 1944-1975



Laid down by William Cramp&Sons Shipbuilding Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA on 22 April 1945, launched by Mrs. Clark Wallace Thompson on 22 April 1945, building stopped despite she was nearly finished on 24 June 1946, hull handed over to the Philadelphia Group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet, modernized and converted into a Galveston guided missile light cruiser, reclassified CLG-93 on 4 February 1956, reclassified CLG-3 on 23 May 1957, commissioned on 28 May 1958, decommissioned in May 1970, stricken on 21 December 1973 and sold for 828.291 US dollars to be broken on 16 May 1975. Call sign NBUV.

Cleveland-class consisting of the Cleveland (CL-55), Columbia (CL-56), Montpelier (CL-57), Denver (CL-58), Amsterdam (CL-59), Santa Fe (CL-60), Tallahassee (CL-61), Birmingham (CL-62), Vincennes (CL-64), Pasadena (CL-65), Springfield (CL-66), Topeka (CL-67), New Haven (CL-76), Huntington (CL-77), Dayton (CL-78), Wilmington (CL-79), Biloxi (CL80), Houston (CL-81), Providence (CL-82), Providence (CL-82), Manchester (CL-83), Buffalo (CL-84), Fargo (CL-85), Vicksburg (CL-86), Duluth (CL-87), Anonymous (CL-88), Miami (CL-89), Astoria (CL-90), Oklahoma City (CL-91), Little Rock (CL-92), Galveston (CL-93), Youngstown (CL-94). Buffalo (CL-99), Newark (CL-100), Amsterdam (CL-101), Portsmouth (CL-102), Wilkes-Barre (CL-103), Atlanta (CL-104), Dayton (CL-105), Fargo (CL-106) and Huntington (CL-107). The Newark (CL-108), New Haven (CL-109), Buffalo (CL11), Wilmington (CL111), Vallejo (CL112), Helena (CL113), Anonymous (CL-115), Roanoke (CL-114), Tallahassee (CL 116), Cheyenne (CL117) and Chattanooga (CL118), are usually described as part of the Fargo-class., preceded by the St. Louis and Atlanta-classes and succeeded by the Fargo-class (a modified Cleveland-design. Of the originally 52 planned ships were 9 converted and completed as the Independence-class light aircraft carriers and 2 with an altered design were part of the Fargo-class. There were totally 29 commissioned of which the Galveston was completed as a guided missile cruiser and 5 others later converted into the Galveston and Providence-class guided missile cruisers.

Technical class specifications of the Cleveland-class. With a displacement of 11.932 (standard)-14.358 (maximum) tons and as dimensions 180 (waterline)-185,42 (over all) x 20,22 x 7,6 (maximum) x 34 (height) metres or 600-608.4 x 66.4 x 25 x 113 feet. The machinery consisted of 4 General Electric geared steam turbines and 4 boilers supplying 1000.000 shop allowing with the 4 screws a speed of 32,5 knots. With a speed of 15 knots was the range 8.640 nautical miles. Crew numbered 1.255 (Light cruiser)-1.426 (guided missile cruiser) men (including 70 officers). The armour consisted of a 8,3cm/3.25”012,7cm/5” thick belt, a 5,1cm/2” thick deck, 12,7cm/5” bulkheads with the gun turrets, barbettes and conning tower protected by respectively 3,8cm/1.5” (rear)-7,6cm/3” (roof and sides)-17cm/6.5 (face), 15cm/6” and 5,7cm/2.25”-12,7cm/5”. For the 4 floatplanes they could take with them were 2 catapults situated on the stern available. Main armament consisted of 4x3-15cm/6” guns /47cal Mark 16 guns, of 6x2-13cm/5” /38 cal anti aircraft guns, 4x4-4cm/1.6” Bofors anti aircraft guns, 6x2-4cm/1.6” Bofors anti aircraft guns and 21x1-2cm/0.79” Oerlikon anti aircraft cannons. As a guided missile cruiser 2x3-15cm/6” 47 cal Mark 16 guns, 3x2-12,7cm/5” 38 cal anti aircraft guns and 1x2-rail Mark 7 Talos SAM launcher for which she carried 46 missiles.