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Monday, 23 January 2017

German frigate FGS Karlsruhe (F212) 1984-




Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Part of the Bremen-class consisting of the Bremen, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Köln, Karlsruhe, Augsburg and Lübeck, succeeded by the F15-class frigates. Laid down at Howaldtswerke, Kiel, Germany on 10 March 1981, launched on 8 January 1982 and commissioned on 19 April 1984.

General technical specifications of the Bremen-class. With a displacement of 3.680 tons and as dimensions 130,50 x 14.60 x 6,30 metres or 428.2 x 47.11 x 20.8 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 MTU 20V956 TB92 diesel engines delivering totally 10.920hp and 2 General Electric LM2550 gas turbines supplying totally 51.000hp allowing a speed of 30 knots. With a speed of 18 knots a range of over the 4.000 nautical miles. Crew numbered 202 persons (included 20 persons for the helicopters). Armament consisted of 1-7,6cm-OTO Melara dual purpose gun, 2-27mm Mauser MLG27 auto cannons, 1-8cell launcher of 16 Sea Sparrow surface to air missiles, 2-MK49 launchers each with 21 Ram anti-ship missiles, 2-quadruple Harpoon anti ship missile launchers and 232,4cm/12,75” Mark 32 torpedo launchers for 8 DM 4A1 or Mark46 torpedoes. 

Turkish fleet avoiding battle with Russian fleet according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 6 November 1914

An item dated London, England 5th reported that the Turkish fleet gathered in the Dardanelles presumably to avoid a battle with the Russian fleet. 

British fleet did not destroy Greek destroyer according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 6 November 1914

An item dated London, England 5th reported that the tiding of the Wolff Telegraphisches Bureau reporting that a British warships destroyed a Greek destroyer in the Mediterranean was nonsense. 

Germany called German-Austrian naval conference at Konopiste nonsense according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 13 July 1914

An item dated Berlin, Germany 12th reported that that what the Nowoje Wremja [a Russian daily newspaper] published over the contents of the German-Austrian naval conference at Konopisjt (1) was nonsense. The intention was no more than just to create enthusiasm for new military and political treaties between the powers allied in the Triple Entente [Russia, United Kingdom and France] during the visit of president Poincare (2) to Russia.

Notes
1. The chateau Konopiste in Bohemia, Czech Republic owned by the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand. In June 1914 was the German emperor Willem II his guest and they discussed political affairs.
2. Raymond Nicolas Landry Poincare (20 August 1860 Bar-le-Duc-15 October 1934 Paris, France), conservative politician, president of France 18 February 1913-18 February 1920 and further more three times premier of France. 

German frigate FGS Lübeck (F214) 1987-



Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Part of the Bremen-class consisting of the Bremen, Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Köln, Karlsruhe, Augsburg and Lübeck, succeeded by the F15-class frigates. Laid down at Nordseewerke, Emden, Germany on 1 June 1987, launched on 15 October 1987 and commissioned on 19 March 1990.

General technical specifications of the Bremen-class. With a displacement of 3.680 tons and as dimensions 130,50 x 14.60 x 6,30 metres or 428.2 x 47.11 x 20.8 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 MTU 20V956 TB92 diesel engines delivering totally 10.920hp and 2 General Electric LM2550 gas turbines supplying totally 51.000hp allowing a speed of 30 knots. With a speed of 18 knots a range of over the 4.000 nautical miles. Crew numbered 202 persons (included 20 persons for the helicopters). Armament consisted of 1-7,6cm-OTO Melara dual purpose gun, 2-27mm Mauser MLG27 auto cannons, 1-8cell launcher of 16 Sea Sparrow surface to air missiles, 2-MK49 launchers each with 21 Ram anti-ship missiles, 2-quadruple Harpoon anti ship missile launchers and 232,4cm/12,75” Mark 32 torpedo launchers for 8 DM 4A1 or Mark46 torpedoes. 

Explosion on board of the Chinese gunboat Tumgtsji according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch handelsblad dated 13 July 1914

An item dated Shanghai, China 12th reported that on board of the Chinese gunboat Tumgtsji off the Kiangnan-arsenal an explosion below the accommodation of the cadets killed 35 of them. What caused the explosion was unknown. 

Russian naval budget approved for extending Black Sea Fleet according to the Dutch newspaper Rotterdamsch nieuwsblad dated 12 June 1914

An item reported that the Russian Duma commission approved the budget needed for immediate increase of the Black Sea fleet. All representatives agreed that the international situation declined more and more due to the arms race. The minister of navy even requested a new budget of 600 million rubles for building warships for the Baltic and Black Sea fleets. 

British naval commission appointed to investigate the issue submarines of battleship according to the Dutch newspaper Rotterdamsch nieuwsblad dated 12 June 1914

An item reported that the article written by admiral Scott published in the Times forced the British admiralty to appoint a commission which was to investigate what the navy was to built: battleships or submarines. 

German frigate FGS Bayern (F217) 1996-



Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Call sign DRAJ, laid down by Howaldtswerke, Kiel, Germany on 16 December 1993, launched on 30 June 1994 and commissioned on 15 June 1996.

Displacement 3.600-4.490 (full load) tons and as dimensions 138,85 x 16,7 x 4,355-6,3 (over sonar) metres or 455.5 x 55 x 14.3-21 feet. Speed more as 29 knots. Range with a speed of 18 knots 4.000 nautical miles. Crew numbers 219 men (included 26 officers). Machinery consist of 2x8.14MW MTU 20V 956 TB92 diesels and 2 General Electric LM2500 has Turbines supplying totally 38MW. Armament consists of 2 helicopters, 1-7,6cm/62<k-75 multi purpose gun, originally 2 Rheinmetall Rh202 quick fire guns to be replaced by 2,7cm Mauser BK-27 quick firing cannons, 1-Mk 41 Mod 3 vertical launch system for 16 Sea Sparrow anti aircraft missiles, 4-MM38 Exocet anti ship missiles which were to be replaced by RBS 15 Mk.3, 1-Mk49 launchers for 21 rolling airframe missiles and 4-32,4cm/12.7” torpedo tubes for using Mk46 torpedoes. 

German tried with all efforts to increase number of submarines according to the Dutch newspaper Provinciale Drentsche en Asser courant dated 3 October 1914

Drawing based on a Dutch intelligense report dated May 1917

An item referred to the Times which reported that a reliable source at Copenhagen, Denmark stated that in German docks all efforts were made to built 50 submarines after the success of the submarine U 9. 

Royal British Navy not keeping manoeuvres according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 20 February 1914

An item dated London, England 17th reported that the Royal British Navy would keep none fleet manoeuvres due to the unsolved strategic and political questions raised after the latest manoeuvres. This decision effected also a expenses reduce of 6 million guilders. 

The Dutch dreadnought dream according to the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 5 March 1914

British Vickers design dated 1913

German Germaniawerft design dated 1913

German Blohm&Voss design dated 1913

An item reported that the report of the Dutch naval commission was lacking any ultimate opinion about building a dreadnought for the Royal Netherlands Navy.(1)

Note
1. There was never a Dutch dreadnought built due to the outbreak of the First World War. 

Sunday, 22 January 2017

French minister of navy asked for designs of a cruiser 2nd class according to the Dutch magazine Marineblad dated 1887-1888 no. 10

An item referred to the magazine le Yacht reporting that the French minister of navy asked his engineers to design a cruiser 2nd class under the following conditions. The armament was to consist of 2-16cm/6.4” guns, 6-14cm guns/5.5“, 2-6,5cm/2.6” guns, 4-4,7cm/1.9” quick firing guns, 8 revolver guns and 4 fish torpedo tubes. There were to be 4 steel made masts, the foremast to be fitted out with 2-4,7cm guns and the two mast in the middle each with 1-3,7cm gun. Rigging foremast with square sails, the other masts gaff rigged. The speed was to be 17,5 (natural)-20 (forced draft) miles. Electrically lightening. Crew to number 300 men. 

French bucket dredger Aldovisi arrived at Bahia, Brazil according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Schiedamsche Courant dated 29 April 1911

An item reported that the bucket dredger Aldovisi which left the shipyard Gusto on 18 March bound for Talacahuano, Chile arrived safely at Bahia, Brazil. (1)

Note
1. Yard number 402, built for Talcahuano Enterprises by Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands. 

German guided missile destroyer Mölders (D 186) 1966-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Part of the Lütjens-class consisting of the Lütjens, Mölders and Rommel, also indicated as class 103/103A/103B which were an improved American Charles F. Adams class-design. The latter design was based on lengthened hull of the American Forrest Sherman-class. Building ordered on 3 March 1965, laid down at Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, USA with hull number DDG-29 on 12 April 1966, launched on 13 April 1967, commissioned on 23 February 1969, modified and indicated as class 103A in 1970s, modified and indicated as class 103B in 1980s  no longer for active service destined on 21 November 2002, decommissioned on 28 May 2003 and nowadays a museum ship.

Displacement 41,62 tons and as dimensions 134,8 (over all) x 14,35 x 6,1-6,5 metres or 440.11 x 47.7 x 21.4 feet. The machinery consisted of 2 General Electric turbines and 4 high pressure steam D-V2M water tube boilers supplying 70.000 hp and allowing with the 2 shafts a speed of 33-36 (design) knots. With a speed of 20 knots was the range 4.500 nautical miles. The crew numbered 334 men. The original armament consisted of 2x12,7cm/5”/54 cal Mark 42 guns, 1-RIM-24 Tartar Mk 13 air to air missile launcher for which 40 missiles were carried, 1-RUR-5 ASROC anti submarine missile launcher and 2x3-32,4cm/12.75” Mk 32 torpedo tubes. Mid 1990s 2-RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile Mk 49 launchers each met 21 missiles, 2-SRBOC- MK36 twin launchers, 2-2cm guns and optional 2 so-called Fliegerfäuste and 2 machineguns. 

Dutch built Italian floating crane Tourelle capsized in the Bay of Biscay according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Schiedamsche Courant dated Saturday 23 September 1911

An item reported that the Italian floating No. 415 which departed on the 12th from the shipyard Gusto towards Spezia while towed by the Dutch tug Schelde capsized on Thursday in the Bay of Biscay. All men on board were saved.(1)

Note
1.Yard number 415 was the 150/90 tons floating derrick crane Tourelle built for Ansaldo, Genoa, Italy. 

French sea going torpedo boat Kabyle (1891) according to Brasseys’ naval annual 1912

Built at La Seyne, France in 1891, displacement 128 tons and as dimensions 144.3 x 14.6 x 7.7 feet. Number of 2 screws, horsepower 1.100 ihp, trial s peed 21.6 knots, an armament of 3-3pd guns and 2 torpedo tubes, a crew numbering 27 men and a coal bunker capacity of 17 tons. 

French sea going torpedo boat Grondeur (1892) according to Brasseys’ naval annual 1912

Built at F.&C., Le Havre. France in 1892, displacement 130 tons and as dimensions 147.5 x 14.4 x 5 feet. Number of 2 screws, horsepower 1,550 or 1.650 ihp, trial speed 24 knots, an armament of 2-3pd guns and 2 torpedo tubes, a crew numbering 27 men and a coal bunker capacity of 20 tons. 

German navy fuel oil barge Ölschute 21

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Of the Marinestützpunktkommando Wilhelmshaven. 

German navy fuel oil barge Ölschute 11 1986-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Of the Marinestützpunktkommando Wilhelmshaven. Cargo capacity 150 tons. Type 737 fuel barge, in service since 1986. 

French sea going torpedo boat Grenadier (1892) according to Brasseys’ naval annual 1912

Built at Normand, Le Havre, France in 1892, displacement 129 tons and as dimensions 138 x 14.7 x 8.2 feet. Number of 2 screws, horsepower 1.400 ihp, trial speed 25.25 knots, an armament of 2-3pd guns and 2 torpedo tubes, crew numbering 26 men and a coal bunker capacity of 15.5 tons. 

Italian floating cranes built at Schiedam, Netherlands tested according to the Dutch newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated 3 September 1911

An item reported that on yesterday afternoon at the shipyard tests were executed with a huge floating crane of which the yard was to deliver 3 of this kind, 2 for the Italian government and 1 for a private Italian yard. Those cranes had a lifting capacity of 150 tons over a distance of 26,50 metres and 40 tons at 45,50 metres. In the maximum position was the top 60 metres above the waterline. The first crane [yard number 410] arrived recently at Spezia, Italy and now was the second one tested with excellent results. A huge public was present including several authorities.(1)

Note
1. Yard number 415 was 150/90 tons floating derrick crane Tourelle built for Ansaldo, Genoa, Italy and yard number 422 a 150/110 tons floating derrick crane bound for Taranto, Italy. 

Anonymous German small navy vessels

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

German navy anonymous pontoon



Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Italian navy floating crane ready to depart the Netherlands towards Italy according to the Dutch newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated 23 July 1911

An item reported the planned departure at 08.00 o’clock next morning from the shipyard Gusto of the huge crane built for account of the Italian government. She was to be towed by the Dutch tug Schelde captain W. Verschoor of the Internationale Sleepdienst Maatschappij towards Spezzia, Italy.(1)

Note
1.The 150 tons derrick crane built with yard number 410 for the Italian navy? The edition dated 28 June mentioned a giant floating crane able to lift 150 ton with a range of 26,50 or 25-40 ton with a range of 45,50 metres or with 110 ton when the arm of the crane was point straight upward with a range of 22,25 metres. 

USA intended withdrawing warships from the Mexican waters according to the Dutch newspaper Het nieuws van den dag voor Nederlandsch-Indië dated 22 May 1914

An item reported that the USA intended to keep the harbour of Tampico, Mexico open despite efforts of the rebels or the federal troops to prevent this. The American cabinet hoped that within a week 4 battleships and 5 destroyers could be called back from the Mexican waters. 

Wasserschutzpolizei WSP 5 1982-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Germany-flagged, homeport Wilhelsmhaven, call sign  and MMSI 211207650. Stan Patrol 2005. Küstenwache. Dimensions 35,0 x 6,0 metres. 

Russian destroyers attacked Turkish in Black Sea villages according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 26 December 1914

An item dated London, England 25th reported that Russian destroyers in the Black Sea bombarded the villages near Batum where Turkish troops were gathered. Four full loaded feluccas sunk. 

French battleship without success attacked by Austrian submarine according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 26 December 1914

An item dated Paris, France 25th reported that a French battleship in the Strait of Otranto between the Adriatic and Ionian Seas was attacked by an Austrian submarine which fired two torpedoes of which one was a hit although causing just little damage. There were none victim. 

Italian anchor handling tug (ex-Asso Trentadue 2014) A.H. Varazze 2014-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 22 January 2017

Italy-flagged, IMO 9665566, MMSI 247349900 and call sign IBHI. Gross tonnage 3.740 tons, displacement 2.921-2.874 (with maximum draught 7,82 metres) tons and as dimensions 79,90 (over all) x 19,20 (moulded) x 7,82 (included skeg). Speed 17,8 knots. Bollard pull 221 tons continuous. Built as the Asso Trentadue by Rosetti Marino, Ravenna, Italy in 2014 and owned and managed by Augustea Towage&Offshore, Augusta, Italy. Renamed November 2014. Rolls-Royce UT 712CD design . A 500tons winch. Now owned by Rimorchiatori Riuniti s.p.a., Genoa, Italy. 

Russian naval budget approved according to the Dutch newspaper De Sumatra Post dated 14 March 1914

An item reported that the budget commission of the Russian Duma approved the budgets to be used in 1914 for building warships, improving war arbours and establishing observation posts and wireless telegraphy stations. 

The British naval budget and program according to the Dutch newspaper De Sumatra Post dated 14 March 1914

An item reported that the British naval budget amounted 51.550.000 pond sterling with a building program of 4 dreadnoughts, 4 light cruisers, 12 destroyers and some submarines. 

Code of signals stolen on board of British battleship Sheerness according to the Dutch newspaper De Sumatra Post dated 14 March 1914

An item referred to the Daily Telegraph which reported that the most important secret code of signals of the British battleship Sheerness was disappeared and replaced by a fake book.(1)

Note
1. This item is far from correct while there was not a battleship with such name, but a code of signals of the battleship Queen was indeed stolen that same year. 

Singapore owned bulk carrier Lintan 2015-


Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 22 January 2017

Hong Kong-flagged, IMO 9715206, MMSI 477737100 and call sign VROU2. According to maritime connector Singapore-flagged, owned and managed by China Navigation, Singapore and built as the Zhejiag Ouhua 669 by Zhejiang Ouhua Shipbuilding, Zhoushan, China. 

Investigation of Japanese naval scandals continued according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 20 February 1914

An item dated Tokyo, Japan 19th reported that the investigation in the naval scandals continued without any delay. A large number of witnesses, officers and sailors were already interrogated. 

German fleet was returning to naval bases according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 29 July 1914

An item dated Berlin, Germany 28th reported that the German fleet was returning back to the harbours to gather at Wilhelmshaven and Kiel. 

Building of Dutch dreadnought still not started according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 18 April 1914

British Vickers design dated 1913

German Germaniawerft design dated 1913

German Blohm&Voss design dated 1913

An item dated The Hague, Netherlands 17the referred to unofficial statement reported that the Dutch minister of navy Rambonnet would propose to start with the building of one dreadnought (2) after vice admiral Tydeman (3) returned from the Dutch East Indies.

Notes
1. Jean Jacques Rambonnet (8 March 1864 Wijhe, Netherlands-3 August 1943 Rotterdam, Netherlands), served in the Royal Netherlands Navy between 1879-1922 ending in the rank of vice-admiral and minister of navy 29 August 1913-28 June 1918.
2. There was never a Dutch dreadnought built due to the outbreak of the First World War.
3. Gustaaf Frederik Tydeman (12 February 1858 Paramaribo, Surinam-1 May 1939 The Hague, Netherlands, ending his naval career since 1872 on 1 June 1915 as director and commanding officer at Amsterdam, Netherlands. 

American drilling jack up ENSCO 122 2014-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 22 January 2017

Liberia-flagged, homeport Monrovia, Liberia, IMO 8771629, MMSI 636015555 and call sign D5BM2. Gross tonnage 14.082 tons, displacement 3.675 tons. Belt by Keppels, Singapore in 2014. Owned and managed by ENSCO International, Houston, Texas, USA. 

British battleship HMS Bellerophon underway from Gibraltar towards England according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 29 July 1914


An item dated London, England 28th July reported that the British battleship Bellerophon was ordered to return from Gibraltar towards England.(1)

Note
1. Laid down at the Portsmouth Dockyard on 6 December 1906, launched on 27 July 1907, commissioned on 27 February 1909, reserve in 1919 and sold to be broken up on 8 November 1921 which was executed in 1923. Building costs 1.763.491 pond sterling. Bellerophon-class dreadnoughts consisting of the Bellerophon, Superb and Temeraire preceded by the Dreadnought and succeeded by the St. Vincent-class. 

British navy destroyed the Turkish gunboat Durak-reis according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant dated 4 November 1914

An item referred to the German Berliner Zeitung which reported that the same day off Smyrna the British destroyed the Turkish gunboat Durak-reis which was blown up before sinking.

British protected cruiser HMS Hermes sunk by German submarine U-27 according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant dated 3 November 1914

An item dated Copenhagen, Netherlands 2nd referred to the British magazine Poliken that in London, England everybody was in miner after the loss of the Hermes. At Dover, England were all flags at half-mast while most of her crewmembers came from Dover.(1)

Note
1. Of the Highflyer-class protected cruisers, laid down by Fairfield Shipbuilding&Engineering, Govan, Scotland on 30 April 1897, launched on 7 April 1898, completed on 5 October 1899, fitted out as a seaplane tender in 1913 and sunk by the German submarine U-27 underway from Dunkirk, France to England off the Ruylingen Bank in the Straits of Dover with a loss of 22 men on 31 October 1914. 

Saturday, 21 January 2017

Philippine bulk carrier Western Miami 2015-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 January 2017

Philippines-flagged, IMO 9743215, MMSI 438922000 and call sign DUHN. Owned by Ratu Shipping Company or Sagana Shipping Incorporation, Manila, Philippines and managed by Victoria Shipmanagement. Built in China in 2016. 

Panama-flagged bulk carrier Medi Gladstone 2016-

Schelde off Vlissingen, Netherlands 20 January 2017

Panama-flagged, IMO 9728186, MMSI 353594000 and call sign 3EFL. Built as the Tsuneishi Cebu SC 252 in 2016. Delivered on 7 July 2016 by Tsuneishi Heavy Industries (Cebu) Incorporation, Cebu, Philippines. 

Own crew blew the Turkish gunboat Durak-reis up to prevent capture by British according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Tilburgsche Courant dated 3 November 1914

An item Constantinople, Turky 2nd reported that a day earlier a British-French fleet entered the Gulf of Tschesine, Little Asia when the small Turkish gunboat Durak-reis attacked the steamship Kinabiage. The latter ship was sunk and the Turkish commander blew his ship up to prevent being captured. 

Mexican navy despite American protests blockading harbour of Tampico, Mexico according to the Dutch newspaper Rotterdamsch nieuwsblad dated 9 June 1914

An item reported that again an incident between Mexico and the USA was to be feared. The Mexican president Huerta seemed to have ordered that the gunboats Bravo and Zaragossa lying at Puerto Mexico and the training ship Alvarado lying at Alvarado were to go towards Tampico. Their main task there was to prevent smuggling of arms from the USA for the rebels by blockading the harbour. The American commander admiral Badger however protested against this blockade which obstructed the merchant shipping. Badger even advices the masters of merchant ships at Tampico to break the blockade if necessary with force. The rebels asked the American ships to leave the scene. 

Heavy explosion of board of British battleship HMS Bellerophon according to the Dutch newspaper Rotterdamsch nieuwsblad dated 9 June 1914

Bellerophon-class

An item referred to tidings received from Cromarty reporting that on board of the British battleship Bellerophon lying there an explosion wounded 4 stokers severely. The ships seemed not to be damaged.(1)

Note
1. Laid down at the Portsmouth Dockyard on 6 December 1906, launched on 27 July 1907, commissioned on 27 February 1909, reserve in 1919 and sold to be broken up on 8 November 1921 which was executed in 1923. Building costs 1.763.491 pond sterling. Part of the Bellerophon-class dreadnoughts consisting of the Bellerophon, Superb and Temeraire preceded by the Dreadnought and succeeded by the St. Vincent-class. 

Portugal shipping military towards Angola according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated Saturday 5 December 1914

An item reported that on last Thursday at Lisbon, Portugal again several detachments were embarked with as destination Angola. On Wednesday stated the Portuguese minister president that 4 expeditionary corps were fitted out for service in Africa. 

German minelayer Berlin seek refugee in Trondheim, Norway according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 5 December 194

An item dated London, England 4th referred to a statement of the British Admiralty reporting that the German steamship Berlin of the Norddeutsche Lloyd recently arrived at Trondheim, Norway had none mines on board. While she was fitted out for laying mines, feared the admiralty that the mines were thrown overboard in a random manner. All ships were warned that deep water earlier considered to be safe were now also potential dangerous.(1)

Note
1. Launched at AG Weser, Bremen, Germany on 7 November 1908, converted at the Kaiserliche Werft at Wilhelmshaven, Germany for war purposes, commissioned as a fast minelayer and as commerce raider in October 1914, interned in Norway on 18 November 1914. Handed over as war reparation to England in 1919, renamed ss Arabic and broken up at Genoa, Italy since December 1931. 

Complete Greek fleet on manoeuvres according to the Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf dated 5 December 194

An item dated Constantinople, Turkey 4th referred to the Tanin which reported that the complete Greek fleet intended to keep manoeuvres in mid December

Netherlands not started building of dreadnoughts according to the Dutch newspaper Bataviaasch nieuwsblad dated 17 April 1914

British Vickers design dated 1913

German Germaniawerft design dated 1913

German Blohm&Voss design dated 1913

An item referred to the Dutch newspaper Het Vaderland which denied the tiding that the Dutch minister of navy Rambonnet (1) intended to propose coming summer to start the building of two dreadnoughts (2) at the same time.

Notes
1. Jean Jacques Rambonnet (8 March 1864 Wijhe, Netherlands-3 August 1943 Rotterdam, Netherlands), served in the Royal Netherlands Navy between 1879-1922 ending in the rank of vice-admiral and minister of navy 29 August 1913-28 June 1918.
2. There was never a Dutch dreadnought built due to the outbreak of the First World War. 

Friday, 20 January 2017

Dutch schooner barque (ex-Jannetje 1974-1981, Margaretha 10981-1988, Deo Juvante 1988-2007, Maverick ?-?) Pedro Doncker

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, homeport Amsterdam, Netherlands, IMO 8136154, MMSI 244897000 and call sign PGRP. Rebuilt as schooner barque in 2008. Built at the Scheepswerf Veldthuis, Zuidbroek, Netherlands in 1974. Ex-Jannetje renamed 1981, Margaretha renamed 1988, Deo Juvante renamed March 2007 and Maverick. Former fishing trawler.

French dredger Talcahuano launched at Schiedam, Netherlands according to the Dutch newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated 27 October 1910

An item reported the launching that morning at the shipyard Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands of the steam dredger Talcahuano destined towards Toong-gin, China. The newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated 29th supplied different details. An item reported the launching a day earlier at the shipyard Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands the steel made hull of a steam suction dredger built for French account. Dimensions 41 x 7,50 x 3,30 metres.  To be fitted with two main engines ach of 250 hp and the necessary steam winches and further more 2 boilers, each with a heating surface of 90 square metres and 8 atmosphere pressure. Working depth 14 metres and using buckets with a capacity of 600 litres dredging capacity of 350 cubic metres/hour to be loaded in barges or pressed away. Complete electrically lightened. Named Talcahuano. After being completed was she bound for Talcahuano, Chile using her own engines.

Note
1. Yard number 402, built for Talcahuano Enterprises by Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands. 

French sea going torpedo boat Forban (1895) according to Brasseys’ naval annual 1912

Built at Normand, Le Havre, France in 1895, displacement 135 tons and as dimensions 144.2 x 15.2 x 10 feet. Number of screws 2, horsepower 3.200 ihp, trial speed 31.2 knots, an armament of 2-1pd guns and 2 torpedo tubes. 

Dutch 3-mast top sail schooner (Drot 1970-1982, Coalpit 1982-1983, Ramona 1983-1989, Sperling 1989-1990) Regina Maris 1990-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, homeport Amsterdam, Netherlands, call sign PGZM, IMO 7025126 and call sign 246501000. Dimensions 48,00 (over all) x 6,9 x 2,80 x 29,00 (height masts) metres, a displacement of 280 tons and 153 tons gross tonnage. Speed 9 (engine)-12 (sails) knots. Sail area 720 square metres with 11 sails. Ex-Drot renamed 1982, Coalpit renamed 1983, Ramona renamed January 1989 and Sperling renamed January 1990. Built by Soby Vaerft, Soby, Denmark in 1970. 

French sea going torpedo boat Flibustier (1894) according to Brasseys’ naval annual 1912

Built at Normand, Le Havre, France in 1894, displacement 132 tons and as dimensions 143 x 16.4 x 9.3 feet. Number of screws 2, horsepower 1.500ihp, trial speed 23.5 knots, an armament of 2-pd guns and 2 torpedo tubes, crew numbering 34 men and a coal bunker capacity of 16 tons. 

Japanese navy and army had very ambitious programs according to the Dutch newspaper Soerabaijasch handelsblad dated 2 May 1936

An item dated Tokyo, Japan 30th April reported that the Japanese emperor invited the Diet for an meeting on 4 May under the Martial law of 26 February. Commonly it was believed that this meeting was of great importance regarded the huge fleet and army programs. The Japanese press even predicted that the naval budget 1936-1937 would amounted more as 600 million yen, the 1937-1938 budget 700 million yen and then yearly to increase further. This had been come necessary for replacement of capital ships, modernizing naval armament and air force and strengthening of the stronghold on the Pacific islands while the navy believed that begin 1937 the ten year old status quo in the Pacific would be broken. 

Dutch top sail schooner (ex-Marie Gisela 1913, Emma&Willy 1913-1992) Banjaard 1992-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, IMO 9096959, MMSI 245898000 and call sign PCXV. Gross tonnage 100 tons. Built by Kroese Hendrik, Hoogezand, Netherlands in 1913. Ex-Marie Gisela renamed January 1913 and Emma&Willy renamed January 1992. Used as sailing freighter in the Baltic and later as motor inland vessel in the Netherlands and Germany.

French dredger launched at Schiedam, Netherlands according to the Dutch newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated 5 October 1907

An item reported the launching at the shipyard Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands that same day of the steel made hull for a dredger with press pump built for account of the French government. Electrically lightened, fitted out with 2 compound steam engines and a huge boiler and the necessary steam winches.(1)

Note
1. Yard number 336 the dredger Marsa built for account of Sousse&D. Fax, Tunisia?

German sailing vessel (ex-W43) Nordwind (Y834) (1944) 1956-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Germany-flagged, MMSI 211450410 and call sign DMNJ. Displacement 100-110 (full load) tons and as d21,48 (between perpendiculars)-24,00 (hull)-27,00 x 6,39 x 2,94 metres. Built as a Kriegsfischkutter in 1944. In 1945 captured by the US Navy and converted into a 2-mast Bermuda ketch; reconverted into a ketch since she became property of the marine museum since November 2008. Training ship Y834 of the German navy between 1 July 1956-2006. 

Argentinean dredger launched at Schiedam according to the Dutch newspaper Schiedamsche Courant dated Friday 2 March 1906

An item reported that on Friday around 08.30 o’clock the launching at the shipyard Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands the launching was planned of a dredger built for account of the Buenos Ayres Pacific Railway Ltd. The  edition dated the 3rd reported the launching of the steel built hull of a seagoing bucket dredger built for British account, just like the seagoing hopper profile suction dredger built for British account to serve in South-America. Dimensions 41,50 x 7,80 x 3,30 depth) metres. Fitted out with a1-350 ihp triple expansion engine and 2 boilers with a total heating surface of 120 square metres and 12 atmosphere pressure the necessary steam winches for manoeuvres and using the dredging facilities. Able to dredger 550 tons/hour from a depth of 11 metres and to load in barges. Lighting on deck and in engine room and hold was electrically. Intention was to go using her own steam engines to her destination.(1)

Note
1. The seagoing dredger Tosca, yard number 312?

British dredger launched at Schiedam, Netherlands according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwe Schiedamsche Courant dated 2 March 1906

An item reported the launching that same morning at the shipyard Gusto (firm A.F. Smulders), Schiedam, Netherlands of a seagoing hopper and profile suction dredger built for British account to serve in South America. Dimensions 41,50 x 7,80 x 3,30 depth) metres. Fitted out with a1-350 ihp triple expansion engine and 2 boilers with a total heating surface of 120 square metres and 12 atmosphere pressure the necessary steam winches for manoeuvres and using the dredging facilities. Able to dredger 550 tons/hour from a depth of 11 metres and to load in barges. Lighting on deck and in engine room and hold was electrically. Intention was to go using her own steam engines to her destination.(1)

Note
1. The profile annex hopper dredger Cangrejo. yard number 311? 

Dutch sailing vessel (ex-Hermann 1913-1918, Lucie 1918-1939, Laksen 1913-1989, Atlantis 1989-1998) Abel Tasman 1998-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, IMO 5202794, MMSI 245877000 and callsign PCVM. Built in 1913 at the shipyard of Pattje, Waterhuizen, Netherlands as the sailing cargo vessel Hermann since 17 April 1913 of Peter Wilhelm Engellandt, Breiholz, Germany with a register tonnage of 119 gross and 101 net tons and as dimensions 26,37 x 6,45 x 2,27 metres. Between 15 April 1917 and 1918 property of the Schonerrreederei Heins, Hamburg, Germany. Renamed in 9181 Lucie with as homeport Flensburg and until 27 March 1926 owned by the Firm Matthias Nielsen GmbH, Apenrade, Germany. Since 27 March until October 1953 of Christopher  Meeder, Kiel, later Westerrönfeld, Germany). ). In 1927 at a shipyard at Flensburg lengthened with 8 metres. In the Secon d War used by the Kriegsmarine as victualler (transporting potatoes. In 1950 again lengthened now with 6 metres resulting in a measurement of 230 tons and a register tonnage of 160 gross and 121 net tons. Between October 1953-June 1956 property of George Peetersen and in this period also converted into a coaster. As a result of this conversion she now measured 270 tons, a register tonnage of 216 gross and 151 net tons and as dimensions 38,37 x 6,54 x 2,64 metres. Renamed in June 1956 Laksen. Winter 1989 converted into the passenger ship Atlantis and also shortened retaining original design. In 1998 renamed Abel Tasman. 

German minister of navy claimed increase of naval budget was a must according to the Dutch newspaper Soerabaijasch handelsblad dated 19 November 1907

An item dated Berling, Germany 17th reported that the German minister of navy defended the increased naval budget while it was necessary to improve the coastal defence, built new docks along the Elbe and there was more money needed for new building. 

French privateer le Grand Soleil of Dunkirk 1705

Commanding officer Mathieu de Wulf.

Source
H. Malo. La grande Guerre des Corsaires Dunkerque (1702-1715), published in 1925. 

French privateer le Jeune Jean of Dunkirk 1703-1794

Commanding officer Mathieu de Wulf, tonnage 30 tons, armament of 6 canons, 4 swivels and a crew numbering 54 men.

Source
H. Malo. La grande Guerre des Corsaires Dunkerque (1702-1715), published in 1925. 

Dutch sailing vessel (ex-Relinquenda 1980-1998) Thalassa 1998-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, IMO 8101276, MMSI 246329000 and call sign PHYD. Ex-Relinquenda renamed 1998. Gross tonnage 257 tons and as dimensions 457 (over all) x 8 x 3,90 metres. Horsepower 600 hp. Sail area 800 square metres. Mast height 35 metres. Built in 1980 at the Scheepswerf Haaks, Zaandam, Netherlands. 

American clipper Lookout arrived at San Francisco, USA coming from New York, USA according to the American newspaper Sacramento Daily Union dated 6 June 1857

An item dated San Francisco, USA 6th reported the arrival of the clipper Lookout captain Hamilton after a voyage of 116 days coming from New York, USA with a cargo for W.C. Annan&Co.(1)

Note
1. Launched at the shipyard of Chase&Davis, Warren, USA for account of E. Buckley&Sons, New York, USA on 4 October 1853. Sold in 1871. Master in 1859 F. Morewood. 1.299 Tons. 2 Decks. Draught 21 feet. Metalled in December 1858. 

American clipper Harriet Hoxie arrived in California, USA coming from New York, USA according to the American newspaper Sacramento Daily Union dated 1 September 1853

An item dated 31st August reported the arrival of the clipper Harriet Hoxie captain Manwaring after a voyage of 146 days coming from New York, USA with a cargo for R.E. Brewster&Co.(1)

Note
1. Built at the shipyard of Irons&Grinnell, Mystic, Connecticut, USA for account of Post, Smith&Co at Mystic in 1851. Sold to Callaux, Wattell&Co., Antwerp, Belgium in 1859. Tonnage 670 tons. 2 Decks, Draught 18 feet. Metalled in October 1854. 

American clipper bark Pathfinder arrived in California, USA coming from Hong Kong according to the American newspaper Sacramento Daily Union dated 10 June 1853

An item dated 9th reported the arrival of the clipper bark Pathfinder captain Macy after a voyage of 50 days coming from Hong Kong with a cargo for Ogden&Haines. 

Thursday, 19 January 2017

Dutch trawler (ex-St. Matthew (1991-2004) Wilhelmina (LT-60) 2004-

Inner harbour Den Heldern, Netherlands 9 February 2008-

British flagged- homeport Lowestoft, England, IMO 9021502, MMSI 232006050 and call sign MNDQ9. Ex-St. Matthew renamed October 2004. Built by Scheepswerf Maaskant, Stellendam, Netherlands in 1991. Owned and managed by Wilhelmina, Urk, Netherlands. 

Danish containership Margrethe Maersk 2015-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Denmark International Register-flagged, IMO 9632131, MMSI 219629000 and call sign OWYZ2. Owned and managed by AP Moller Maersk, Copenhagen, Denmark. Built by Daewoo Shipbuilding&Marine Engineering, Geoje, South Korea in 2015. 

Dutch 3-mast bark (ex-Pol II 1926-1948, Lister 1948-1966) Artemis 1966-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Netherlands-flagged, homeport Harlingen, Netherlands, IMO 5209699, MMSI 244875000 and call sign PFCB. Used nowadays as passenger ship. Built at Nylands Verksted, Oslo, Norway in 1926 to be used for whaling. Served later as cargo ship between Asia and South-America. Ex-Pol II renamed 1948 and Lister 1966). 

American frigate USS Mississippi transporting Hungarian refugees towards the USA according to the Dutch newspaper Zierikzeesche Courant dated 17 September 1851

An item dated Frankfurt, Germany 12th reported the arrival of the American frigate USS Mississippi (1) at Constantinople to pick up Kossuth (2) and other Hungarian refugees and transport them to the USA.

Notes
1. Paddle steam frigate laid down at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, USA in 1839, launched in 1842, commissioned on 22 December, destroyed the ra, CSS Manassas on 24 April 1862, run aground while passing Port Hudson, Lousiana  and scuttled on 14 March 1863. Sister ship of the USS Missouri.
2. Lajos (Louis) Kossuth de Udvard et Kossuthfalva (19 September 1802-20 March 1894, lawyer, journalist, politician and even governor-president of the Kingdom of Hungary in1848-1849 when Hungary seek for independence from Austria. 

British auxiliary cruiser Asturias persecuted French cargo ship Mendoza according to the Dutch newspaper Soerabijasch handelsblad dated 17 January 1941

An item dated Montevideo, Uruguay 16th reporting that the British auxiliary cruiser Asturias was persecuting the Mendoza. The Delftsche courant dated 24th reported that she was a French ship loaded with victuals and stopped by an anonymous British auxiliary cruiser. 

British auxiliary cruiser Forfar lost according to the Dutch newspaper De standaard dated 13 February 1941

An item referred to the Associated Press which reported that the British auxiliary cruiser Forafer [=Forfar] (1) which loss was announced by the British Admiralty in December 1940 was identified by shipping experts at New York, USA as the Montrose. This was a 16.402 tons passenger ship of the Canadian Pacific Line.

Note
1. Sunk by the German submarine U-99 500 nautical miles west of Ireland on 2 December 1940. Launched as the ss Montrose for account of the Canadian Pacific Steamship Company by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan, Scotland on 14 December 1920. Operated by the Canadian Pacific Steamship Company. Acquired by the British Royal Navy on 4 September 1939. Pennant F30. Gross register tonnage 16.402 tons and as dimensions 167,x x 21,4 metres or 548’7” x 70’2”. Speed 17 knots. Crew numbered 193 men. Armament consisted of 8-15,2cm/6” guns and 3-7,6cm/3.0” guns. 

German passenger ship Etta von Dangast 1935-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Germany-flagged. Built at Trondheim, Norway in 1935. 

German tug (ex-Asterix 2003-2015) Corvin 2015-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Germany-flagged, homeport Brunsbüttel, IMO 9280433, MMSI 211696040 and call sign DNQA. Handed over on 17 June 2015 by her former Danish owner and after small conversions on 27 June stationed at Brunsbüttel. Gross tonnage 385 tons, net tonnage 115 tons, deadweight 300 tons and as dimensions 32,50 (over all) x 11,95 (over all) x 5,40 (aft) x 5,00 (depth main deck amidship) metres. Speed 10,0 (economic)-14,0 (maximum) knots. Dpuble Azimuth stern driven offshore tug. Owned and managed by Hans Schramm&Sohn Schleppschiffahrt, Brunsbüttel, Germany. Bollard pull 91,9 (ahead)-68,3 (astern) tons. Horsepower main diesel engines 2x22.030 kW. As the Danish Asterix of Dansk Bjergning Bugsering, Aarhus, Denmark. Denmark International Register-flagged, homeport Aarhus and MMSI 220227000. Built by Damen Shipyard Gorinchem, Gorinchem, Netherlands in 2003. 

British auxiliary cruiser Salopian lost according to the Dutch newspaper Limburger koerier dated 4 June 1941

An item dated Berlin, Germany 2nd referred to an official statement of the British Admiralty that the auxiliary cruiser Salokian [the Salopian] of 10.000 gross register tonnage was sunk. She was the former passenger ship Shropshire of the Bibby-Line. (1)

Note
1. Sunk by the German submarine U-98 in the North Atlantic on 13 May 1941. 

British auxiliary cruiser Asturias visiting Buenos Aires, Argentine according to th Dutch newspaper Het Vaderland dated 21 March 1941

An item reported that the British auxiliary cruiser Asturias part of the South Atlantic squadron arrived a day earlier at Buenos Aires, Argentina for a stop of 48 hours to load fuel and victuals. 

British auxiliary cruiser Camito lost according to the Dutch newspaper Nieuwsblad van Friesland dated 23 May 1941

An item reported that the British Admiralty announced the loss of the British auxiliary cruiser Camito of 6.838 gross register tonnage. She was the 19th auxiliary cruiser lost since the outbreak of the Second World War. 

German tug Bugsier 3 2006-

Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1 October 2016

Germany-flagged, homeport Hamburg, Germany, IMO 9350135, MMSI 218003000 and call sign DDBD2. Built by Damen Shipyard Hardinxveld, Hardinxveld-Giessendam, Netherlands in 2006. Owned and managed by Bugsier Reederei, Hamburg, Germany. Gross tonnage 430 tons, net tonnage 129 tons, deadweight 160 tons and as dimensions 32,78 (over all) x 11,76 x 6,70 x 14,80 (air draft foldable mast). Bunker capacity 165 cbm. Speed 12 knots. Bollard pull 63 tons. Horsepower 4.050 kW. 

American light cruiser USS Vallejo (CL-146)

Fargo-class

Worcester-class

Part of the Worcester-class, planned 10 ships, completed Worcester and Roanoke, cancelled Vallejo, Gary and 6 anonymous, preceded by the Fargo-class. The Worcester-class to be used as conventional light cruisers or if needed as anti aircraft cruisers were just like the contemporary Des Moines-class heavy cruisers the last all-gun cruisers completed for account of the US Navy. The main armament of the Worcester-class proved in practice to be a failure lacking a sufficient fire rate. Furthermore didn’t the for anti aircraft fire control realize the expectations. Laid down by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, USA on 16 July 1945 and completion cancelled on 8 December 1945. The hull was afterwards broken up.

General design technical specifications.
Displacement 14.700 (standard)-17.997 (full load) and as dimensions 207,0 x 21,3 x 7,6 metres or 679.5 x 70.5 x 25 feet. The machinery consisted of 4 geared steam turbines and 4 Westinghouse 620 psi boilers suppling 125.000hp allowing with the 4 screws a speed of 33 knots. The crew numbered 1.560 men. The armour consisted of a 7,62cm/3”-12,7cm/5” belt, a 8,9cm/3.5” (maximum) thick deck with the turrets, barbettes and conning tower protected by respectively 5,08cm/2”-16,51cm/6.5”, 12,7cm/5” and 11,43cm/4.5”. The armament consisted of 6x2-15,2cm/6”/47 Mk1 dual purpose guns (3 fore, 3 aft), 11xdual 7,62cm/3” Mk33 guns and 2x1-7m62cm/3” /50 Mk34 on blisters fantail.

American light cruiser USS Roanoke (CL-145) 1945-1972

Fargo-class

Worcester-class

Part of the Worcester-class, planned 10 ships, completed Worcester and Roanoke, cancelled Vallejo, Gary and 6 anonymous, preceded by the Fargo-class. The Worcester-class to be used as conventional light cruisers or if needed as anti aircraft cruisers were just like the contemporary Des Moines-class heavy cruisers the last all-gun cruisers completed for account of the US Navy. The main armament of the Worcester-class proved in practice to be a failure lacking a sufficient fire rate. Furthermore didn’t the for anti aircraft fire control realize the expectations. Laid down by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey, USA on 15 May 1945, launched by Miss Julia Ann Henebry on 16 June 1947, commissioned on 4 April 1949, decommissioned on 31 October 1958, stricken on 1 December 1970 and sold to the Levin Metals Corporation of San Jose, California, USA on 22 February 1972.

General design technical specifications.
Displacement 14.700 (standard)-17.997 (full load) and as dimensions 207,0 x 21,3 x 7,6 metres or 679.5 x 70.5 x 25 feet. The machinery consisted of 4 geared steam turbines and 4 Westinghouse 620 psi boilers suppling 125.000hp allowing with the 4 screws a speed of 33 knots. The crew numbered 1.560 men. The armour consisted of a 7,62cm/3”-12,7cm/5” belt, a 8,9cm/3.5” (maximum) thick deck with the turrets, barbettes and conning tower protected by respectively 5,08cm/2”-16,51cm/6.5”, 12,7cm/5” and 11,43cm/4.5”. The armament consisted of 6x2-15,2cm/6”/47 Mk1 dual purpose guns (3 fore, 3 aft), 24 7,62cm/3” Mk33 anti aircraft guns 12-2cm/0.78” anti aircraft guns.